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Data Privacy and Security

INFORMATION SECURITY BREACH AND NOTIFICATION

           

The Board of Education acknowledges the concern regarding the rise in identity theft and the need for secure networksprompt notification when security breaches occur.

The Board adopts the National Institute for Standards and Technology Cybersecurity Framework Version 1.1 (NIST CSF) for data security and protection. The Network Administrator is responsible for ensuring the BOCES’ systems follow NIST CSF and adopt technologies, safeguards and practices which align with it. This will include an assessment of the BOCES’ current cybersecurity state, their target future cybersecurity state, opportunities for improvement, progress toward the target state, and communication about cyber security risk.

The Board will designate a Data Protection Officer to be responsible for the implementation of the policies and procedures required in Education Law §2-d and its accompanying regulations, and to serve as the point of contact for data security and privacy BOCES. This appointment will be made at the annual organizational meeting.

To this end, the Board directs the District Superintendent, in accordance with appropriate business and technology personnel, and the Data Protection Officer to establish regulations which address:

=     the protections of “personally identifiable information” of student and teachers/principal under Education Law §2-d and Part 121 of the Commissioner of Education;

=   the protections of “private information” under State Technology Law §208 and the NY SHIELD Act; and

= procedures to notify persons affected by breaches or unauthorized access of protected information.

 

I.     Student and Teacher/Principal “Personally Identifiable Information” under Education Law §2-d

 

A. General Provisions

 

PII as applied to student data is as defined in Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (Policy 5500), which includes certain types of information that could identify a student, and is listed in the accompanying regulation 8635-R.  PII as applied to teacher and principal data, means results of Annual Professional Performance Reviews that identify the individual teachers and principals, which are confidential under Education Law §§3012-c and 3012-d, except where required to be disclosed under state law and regulations.

 

The Data Protection Officer will see that every use and disclosure of personally identifiable information (PII) by the BOCES benefits students and the BOCES (e.g., improve academic achievement, empower parents and students with information, and/or advance efficient and effective school operations). However, PII will not be included in public reports or other documents.

 

The BOCES will protect the confidentiality of student and teacher/principal PII while stored or transferred using industry standard safeguards and best practices, such as encryption, firewalls, and passwords.  The BOCES will monitor its data systems, develop incident response plans, limit access to PII to BOCES employees and third-party contractors who need such access to fulfill their professional responsibilities or contractual obligations, and destroy PII when it is no longer needed.

 

Certain federal laws and regulations provide additional rights regarding confidentiality of and access to student records, as well as permitted disclosures without consent, which are addressed in policy and regulation 5500, Student Records.

 

Under no circumstances will the BOCES sell PII. It will not disclose PII for any marketing or commercial purpose, facilitate its use or disclosure by any other party for any marketing or commercial purpose, or permit another party to do so.  Further, the BOCES will take steps to minimize the collection, processing, and transmission of PII.

 

Except as required by law or in the case of enrollment data, the BOCES will not report the following student data to the State Education Department:

1.         juvenile delinquency records;

2.         criminal records;

3.         medical and health records; and

4.         student biometric information.

The BOCES has created and adopted a Parent’s Bill of Rights for Data Privacy and Security (see Exhibit 8635-E). It has been published on the BOCES’ website at  www.oncboces.organd can be requested from the BOCES clerk.

 

B.        Third-party Contractors

 

The BOCES will ensure that contracts with third-party contractors reflect that confidentiality of any student and/or teacher or principal PII be maintained in accordance with federal and state law and the BOCES data security and privacy policy.

 

Each third-party contractor that will receive student data or teacher or principal data must:

1.         adopt technologies, safeguards and practices that align with the NIST CSF;

2.         comply with the BOCES’ data security and privacy policy and applicable 

laws impacting the BOCES;

3.         limit internal access to PII to only those employees or sub-contractors that

need access to provide the contracted services;

4.         not use the PII for any purpose not explicitly authorized in its contract;

5.         not disclose any PII to any other party without the prior written consent of

the parent or eligible student  (i.e., students who are eighteen years old or older):

a.         except for authorized representatives of the third-party contractor to

the extent they are carrying out the contract; or

b.         unless required by statute or court order and the third party

contractor provides notice of disclosure to the BOCES, unless expressly prohibited.

6.         maintain reasonable administrative, technical and physical safeguards to

protect the security, confidentiality and integrity of PII  in its custody;

7.         use encryption to protect PII  in its custody; and

8.         not sell, use, or disclose PII for any marketing or commercial purpose,

facilitate its use or disclosure by others for marketing or commercial

purpose, or permit another party to do so. Third party contractors may

release PII to subcontractors engaged to perform the contractor’s 

obligations, but such subcontractors must abide by data protection

obligations of state and federal law, and the contract with the BOCES.

 

If the third-party contractor has a breach or unauthorized release of PII, it will promptly notify the BOCES in the most expedient way possible without unreasonable delay but no more than seven calendar days after the breach’s discovery.

 

C.        Third-Party Contractors’ Data Security and Privacy Plan

 

The BOCES will ensure that contracts with all third-party contractors include the third-party contractor’s data security and privacy plan. This plan must be accepted by the BOCES.

 

At a minimum, each plan will:

1.         outline how all state, federal, and local data security and privacy contract

requirements over the life of the contract will be met, consistent with this policy;

2.         specify the safeguards and practices it has in place to protect PII;

3.         demonstrate that it complies with the requirements of Section 121.3(c) of

this Part;

4.         specify how those who have access to student and/or teacher or principal

data receive or will receive training on the federal and state laws governing

confidentiality of such data prior to receiving access;

5.         specify if the third-party contractor will utilize sub-contractors and how it

will manage those relationships and contracts to ensure personally

identifiable information is protected;

6.         specify how the third-party contractor will manage data security and

privacy incidents that implicate personally identifiable information

including specifying any plans to identify breaches and unauthorized

disclosures, and to promptly notify the BOCES;

7.         describe if, how and when data will be returned to the BOCES, transitioned

to a successor contractor, at the BOCES’ direction, deleted or destroyed 

by the third-party contractor when the contract is terminated or expires.

 

D.       Training

 

The BOCES will provide annual training on data privacy and security awareness to all employees who have access to student and teacher/principal PII.

 

E.         Reporting

 

Any breach of the BOCES’ information storage or computerized data which compromises the security, confidentiality, or integrity of student or teacher/principal PII maintained by the BOCES will be promptly reported to the Data Protection Officer, the District Superintendent and the Board of Education.

 

F.         Notifications

 

The Data Privacy Officer will report every discovery or report of a breach or unauthorized release of student, teacher or principal PII to the State’s Chief Privacy Officer without unreasonable delay, but no more than 10 calendar days after such discovery. 

 

The BOCES will notify affected parents, eligible students, teachers and/or principals in the most expedient way possible and without unreasonable delay, but no more than 60 calendar days after the discovery of a breach or unauthorized release or third-party contractor notification.

 

However, if notification would interfere with an ongoing law enforcement investigation, or cause further disclosure of PII by disclosing an unfixed security vulnerability, the BOCES will notify parents, eligible students, teachers and/or principals within seven calendar days after the security vulnerability has been remedied, or the risk of interference with the law enforcement investigation ends.

 

The District Superintendent, in consultation with the Data Protection Officer, will establish procedures to provide notification of a breach or unauthorized release of student, teacher or principal PII, and establish and communicate to parents, eligible students, and BOCES staff a process for filing complaints about breaches or unauthorized releases of student and teacher/principal PII.

II.         “Private Information” under State Technology Law §208

“Private information” is defined in State Technology Law §208, and includes certain types of information, outlined in the accompanying regulation, which would put an individual at risk for identity theft or permit access to private accounts.  “Private information” does not include information that can lawfully be made available to the general public pursuant to federal or state law or regulation.

Any breach of the BOCES’ information storage or computerized data which compromises the security, confidentiality, or integrity of “private information” maintained by the BOCES must be promptly reported to the District Superintendent and the Board of Education.

 

The Board directs the District Superintendent, in accordance with appropriate business and technology personnel, to establish regulations which:

  •      Identify and/or define the types of private information that is to be kept secure.  For purposes of this policy, “private information” does not include information that can lawfully be made available to the general public pursuant to federal or state law or regulation;
  •     Include procedures to identify any breaches of security that result in the release of private information; and
  •      Include procedures to notify persons affected by the security breach as required by law.

III.       Employee “Personal Identifying Information” under Labor Law § 203-d

Additionally, pursuant to Labor Law §203-d, the BOCES will not communicate employee “personal identifying information” to the general public.  This includes social security number, personal electronic email address, Internet identification name or password, parent’s surname prior to marriage, or driver’s license number.  In addition, the BOCES will protect employee social security numbers in that such numbers shall not: be publicly posted or displayed, be printed on any ID badge, card or time card, be placed in files with unrestricted access, or be used for occupational licensing purposes.  Employees with access to such information shall be notified of these prohibitions and their obligations.

Any breach of the BOCES’ information storage orcomputerized data which compromises the security, confidentiality, or integrity of personal information maintained by the BOCES shall be promptly reported to the District Superintendent and the Board of Education.

Cross-ref:        

1120, District Records

5500, Student Records

8630, Computer Resources and Data Management

Ref:    

State Technology Law §§201-208

Labor Law §203-d

Education Law §2-d

8 NYCRR Part 121

Adoption date:  January 23, 2008

Revised date:  October 14, 2015;

 

 

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